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Tweak offers you two powerful features to work with GraphQL:

  1. Custom JavaScript snippets - write your own interception logic, access the request body to mock based on operation name and/or variables.
  2. Partial request payload matching - toggle that allows you to match partial content against a GraphQL request payload.

We cover both techniques below, but first, a small refresh on GraphQL queries - jump this part if you are very confortable with GraphQL.

GraphQL refresher

Let's use this prisma-labs/graphql-request query example to fetch a movie's details.

import { GraphQLClient } from 'graphql-request';

const client = new GraphQLClient(endpoint);
const query = gql`
query getMovie($title: String!) {
Movie(title: $title) {
actors {
const variables = { title: 'Inception' };

const data = await client.request(query, variables);

There are two pieces of information convenient to intercept and mock this GraphQL query:

  1. The variables - sent in the request payload (i.e. the POST request body).
  2. Operation name getMovie - the property operationName holds the string getMovie, giving a meaning to the query. We can leverate this property to easily branch our interception logic.

Inspecting the devtools, you might find a similar object under the Request payload tab:

"query": "... the raw query ...",
"variables": {
"title": "Inception"
"operationName": "getMovie"

👆 We can leverage this data to configure amazing tweak rules ✨.

Configuring tweak

Here are the recommended ways to intercept and mock GraphQL API calls. We use the above example in our demonstrations.

Using partial payload matching (low code)

If you want to avoid writting code, use partial request payload matching. What does it do? It partially compares the content you write on Request payload against the actual request payload. If your small piece of JSON is a subset of the actual request payload, tweak intercepts the request. Here's an example:

  1. The URL is set to /gql - typically your server exposes a single GraphQL endpoint.
  2. Select POST in the HTTP method (or just use the wildcard option).
  3. Add the request payload, see example in the screenshot.

example graphql query interception

❗️ The small equal (=) sign at the right side of the editor (outlined in blue), must be disabled. This insures tweak partially compares your request payload with the actual request payload.

Full control with JavaScript

In case you need more flexibility to intercept a GraphQL query/mutation, you can write your own interception and mocking logic under the Response hook tab. Here's how to configure it:

  1. Setup the URL & HTTP similar to the above example.
  2. Empty the Response paylaod editor.
  3. Empty the Request payload editor.
  4. Write the following code in the Response hook editor.
// 💡 tweak makes the request body globally available in your script
const bodyObj = JSON.stringify(body);

if (bodyObj.operationName === 'getMovie' && bodyObj.variables.title === 'Inception') {
// 💡 forward your response mock
return {
data: {
title: 'Inception',
releaseDate: '2010-07-22',
actors: [
{ name: 'Leonardo DiCaprio' },
{ name: 'Joseph Gordon-Levitt' },

// 💡 forward other responses that you are not targetting for interception
return response;

Once more, for this JavaScript to kick in you need to empty both the Request payload and Response payload editors so that all requests go through your script, no matter their request payloads, and so that you don't override the output of your script with mock data (Response payload takes precedence over Response hook outputs).

One ring rule to rule them all, surgical modifications

The previous script targets a single query, but you can broaden the scope of your logic as you wish, it's just JavaScript!

Because most of the times you will work with existing GraphQL APIs deployed across different environments, one powerful technique is to use a Modify rule to modify portions of the incoming server response. Instead of fully mocking the response you can modify particular values of the incoming server response payload.

Here's an example that appends the string | Popcorn to the movie title property, while keeping the rest of the data intact.

const bodyObj = JSON.stringify(body);

switch (bodyObj.operationName) {
case 'getMovie':
return {
// 💡 surgical modification of "title"
data: {,
title: `${} | Popcorn`,
case 'getActor':
return { ...response /* ... */ };

// 💡 forward other responses that you are not targetting for interception
return response;

Don't worry about errors, we got you covered, if your script breaks we catch the error for you and log it in the devtools console.

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